Peter M. Whiteley
New Mexico, 1982; Curator, Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History)
Board Member, American Anthropologist
has four principal research areas, all pertaining to cultures, social
structures, social histories, and environmental relations in native North
America, as follows:
society, culture, and polity in northern Arizona, based on ethnographic
fieldwork and archival research over the last two decades. Current projects
include (a) structural transformation in demography, economy, and society
at the third mesa town of Orayvi, 1880-1910, to provide a comprehensive
explanation of population, social-structural characteristics, and historical
events in the critical years before and after the Orayvi split of 1906;
and (b) the significance of early gift exchange in Hopi relations with
the United States for the explanation of Hopi polity (pertaining to
exchange theory in anthropology).
and other Six Nations Iroquois social and political history, in northeastern
North America and the trans-Mississippi west, based on continuing ethnographic
fieldwork and archival research begun in 1999. The current project concerns
the transformation of Cayuga society and polity, 1750-1930, especially
focusing on Cayuga involvement in the war for independence and its aftermath,
associated fissions in the Cayuga social system, and persistence and
change in Cayuga identity throughout these processes.
society and culture in northwestern California, based on ethnographic
fieldwork and archival research beginning in 1993. The current project
concerns an inquiry into the structural integration of Hupa polity,
especially vis-à-vis existing interpretations in political anthropology
of tribal and non-tribal polities.
and western Pueblo intercultural relations and sociopolitical transformations
during and after the Pueblo revolt of 1680, informed by ongoing ethnohistoric
research among the Pueblos, and archival research. Current and recent
projects: (a) the destruction of Awat'ovi, a Hopi town, in 1700, as
part of a Hopi revitalization movement; (b) the question of cannibalism
at Awat'ovi posed by other anthropologists; and (c) the invention of
Pueblo Indian ethnicity at the conjuncture with Anglo-American society.
- In press:
"Bartering Pahos with the President," Ethnohistory.
- In press:
"Social Formations in the Pueblo IV Southwest: An Ethnological View,"
forthcoming in Cluster Analysis: The History and Organization of
Pueblo IV Period (A.D. 1275-1540) Settlement Clusters in the American
Southwest, E. Charles Adams and Andrew I. Duff, eds. University
of Arizona Press.
- In press:
"Explanation vs. Sensation: The discourse of Cannibalism at Awat'ovi,"
in the forthcoming volume on social violence in the Prehispanic Southwest,
edited by Deborah L. Nichols and Patricia Crown.
"Archaeology and Oral Tradition: The Scientific Importance of Dialogue,"
American Antiquity 67(3):405-415.
"Re-imagining Awat'ovi." In Archaeologies of the Pueblo Revolt: Identity,
Meaning, and Renewal in the Pueblo World, Robert Preucel, ed, pp.
247-165. University of New Mexico Press. Albuquerque.
"Hopi Histories." In Katsina: Commodified and Appropriated Images
of Hopi Supernaturals, Zena Pearlstone, ed, pp. 22-33. Fowler Museum
of Cultural History, University of California. Los Angeles.
"Alfonso Ortiz, 1939-1997," American Anthropologist
Rethinking Hopi Ethnograpy. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington
DC. [Winner, 1999 Southwest Book Award, Border Regional Libraries Association].